Water can be very deep in areas that are mountainous or dry. Getting to that deep water can be difficult, especially if you need clean drinking water. Surface pumps only can go down about 25 feet, but a submersible well water pump allows you to go down as far as 400 feet deep.
With an effective submersible pump system, you can access usable water from a nearby well water supply. Depending on your needs there are so many models, and sizes out there to choose the best one from it becomes a daunting task.
Therefore, to make your life easier, here are a few tips and reviews to help you find the best submersible well pump for your home.
Our 3 Most Recommended Submersible Well Pumps Compared
Top 10 Best Submersible Well Pumps of 2020
- Hallmark Industries MA0414X-7 1 hp, 110V, 33 GPM Deep Well Submersible Pump
- Hallmark Industries MA0343X-4 1/2 hp, 110V, 25 GPM Deep Well Submersible Pump
- RedLion RL12G15-3W2V 1.5 HP, 230V, 12 GPM Deep Submersible Well Pump
- RedLion 14942409 RL22G10-3W2V 1HP, 230V, 22 GPM Submersible Deep Well Pump with Control Box
- RedLion 14942402 1/2HP, 230V, 12 GPM Deep Submersible Well Pump
- Hallmark Industries MA0431X-18A-E 3 HP, 230V, 60 Hz, 35 Gpm Deep Well Pump
- Happybuy Well Pump 1.5 HP, 110V, 40 GPM Submersible Well Pump
- HallmarkIndustries MA0414X-7A 1 HP, 230V, 33 GPM Submersible Well Pump
- HallmarkIndustries MA0419X-12A 2 HP, 230V, 35 GPM Submersible Well Pump
- HallmarkIndustries MA0343X-4A 1/2 HP, 230V, 25 GPM Submersible Well Pump
Our Handpicked Submersible Well Pump Reviews
1. Hallmark Industries MA0414X-7
This industrial grade product is the best for home use and has a maximum head of 207 feet that is more than most other one horsepower water pumps on the market. Featuring a UL approved motor, this voltage of 110 submersible pump requires two wires and a ground wire.
Equipped with a built-in check valve and a one horsepower capacitor start, this product also backed up with a thermal protection switch and a hermetically sealed motor. The UL approved motor packs with a corrosion-resistant motor shaft that provides a long lifespan to your deep well pump.
With a built-in control box, it does not require an external control box. It features an intake screen, diffusers, and thermoplastic impellers that provide enough amount of water. With a unique design, this submersible water pump reduces noise for quiet operation.
And considering above all the facts, we couldn’t resist us to declare it the best deep well submersible pump from our list. This particular Hallmark model is able to perform flawlessly for a long time. This water pump is very reliable and packed with properly sealed ball bearings that ensure high-quality performance. It also consists with a manual and installation tape.
2. Hallmark Industries MA0343X-4
Coming from one the best manufacturers, this ½ horsepower pump is a deep well submersible pump featuring voltage of 110 volts and maximum flow rate of 33 gallons per minute. This product is packed with a built-in starter box, so it does not require an external control box. The hermetically sealed motor is truly energy efficient. And that is why it can pump water on less power.
Equipped with a UL approved motor including two wires and a ground wire along with a patented impeller giving you high performance and longer pump life than other pumps on the market. Featuring heavy-duty industrial-grade material, this submersible pump is among the best ones for use at home.
It also packs with heavy-duty impellers, an intake screen, and diffusers along with a wiring kit, 10-foot electric cord, and an installation manual.
3. Red Lion RL12G15-3W2V
Ideal for providing fresh water to cabins, farms, and rural homes, the RedLion RL12G15-3W2V comes with 3-wire, franklin electric motor, works properly in drilled wells that have a four-inch or greater diameter. With a hex rubber bearing, the large surface area of the pump guarantees a stable shaft and several flow channels that will keep out small particles from the surfaces of the bearing.
The built-in check valve stops backflow and guarantees good system pressure. With the ability to work in a well up to a 250-foot depth, and it includes a built-in suction screen, a maximum water flow rate of 12 gallons per minute along with the thermoplastic discharge head helps to stop debris from clogging up the impellers.
It is a versatile water pump giving you full-flow performance without the worry of corrosion and guarantees quiet operation. Thus, we are not hesitant to award it the best 1.5 hp submersible well pump in our list. And last but not the least, it can beat easily the other 2 hp pumps with ease and have a very long lifespan.
The product pumps consistently without gathering debris and has a respectable backflow and pressure control system.
4. Red Lion 14942409 RL22G10-3W2V
The four-inch RedLion 14942409 RL22G10-3W2V is ideal to use in larger wells with a four inch or more diameter. This product comes with a control box and a built-in check valve that stops backflow and guarantees good system pressure. With the ability to go down a well up to 100 feet depth, this well water pump is powered by a three-wire Franklin electric motor.
The extra-large surface on the hex rubber bearing guarantees shaft stability along with multiple flow channels that keep out small pieces of sand and debris from the surface of the bearing. It is available in either a 12 GPM water flow rate or 22 GPM water flow rate models. To get maximum water pressure, we would recommend going for the later model.
This product is extremely flexible compared to other submersible pumps.
5. Red Lion 14942402
It works the best for larger wells with a four inch or more diameter, the Red Lion 14942402 works on wells with a depth of up to 250 feet. It pumps fresh water to cabins, farms, and rural homes. It uses an industry-standard two or three-wire motor.
Equipped with a suction screen, and 12 GPM, it comes with a strong stainless-steel pump shell, a motor bracket, thermoplastic discharge, and a control box with three-wire submersible pumps. There are two models that are available for this product, 12 flow rate or 22 flow rate GPM model. Despite the expense, the 22 flow rate GPM model pumps faster and has better water-pressure.
6. Hallmark Industries MA0431X-18A-E
To make things convenient for users, this 3 HP Hallmark Industries MA0431X-18A-E comes with a control box and strong stainless-steel housing. This is a industrial-grade submersible pump is also conisdered as the best as the top listed products in our list when using at home.
It is capable of pumping 35 gallons of water per minute. With the patented impeller design, you get enough amount of water under high-pressure circumstances and extended pump life. This model is also equipped with a thermal protection switch that gives you a quite powerful start and long lifespan.
Assembly is required with this pump that arrives with three wires, a ground wire, a 10-foot-long electric cord, installation tape, and electrical tape kits. With its submersible design, you have almost no noise or the need for priming. Considering the price it comes in, this product pumps incredibly- one of the best budget-friendly products out there.
7. Happybuy Submersible Pump
The Happybuy Submersible Pump comes with 1/2 hp giving you a consistent flow rate up to 150 feet under the surface. Even at a depth of 150 feet, it pumps consistently. It includes 304-grade stainless steel housing along with outlets and is made of cast iron. This well-built well pump can be used for either commercial or domestic applications.
You only require a borehole of 100mm for this pump to reach the water. The Happybuy Submersible Pump has a maximum flow rate of 25 GPM and 4 impellers to give you reliable and quality performance. It has a small footprint along with easy maintenance, use, and installation, these features are ought to make users happy.
You can vertically mount the well pump if necessary. With no special requirements for water or well pipes, this versatile pump can be used in pretty much any types of well. Thus, you can use it on steel pipes, ash tubes, or soil wells along with plastic or hose pipes. It also can pump water from canals, reservoirs, and rivers as well as deep wells for groundwater. Despite being the only pump from the Happybuy on our list, it still doesn't fall behind than the others from this list.
8. Hallmark Industries MA0414X-7A
The Hallmark Industries MA0414X-7A features one horsepower that has a built-in capacitor start as well as a thermal protection switch. The built-in starter comes with a control box with two wires for the pump, one ground wire, an UL approved motor and does not require an external control box.
Made of stainless steel and cast iron, this is powered by 220 volts and will not work for voltage of 110 volts. Besides, it has a 33 gallons per minute max water flow, which means this machine is capable of pumping 33 gallons of water per minute. The Hallmark Industries MA0414X-7A comes with a unique design that lessens noise, and its submersible design makes it quiet when it operates. The noise-free feature doesn’t compromise quality as it pumps effectively.
It gives you a high water flow rate that is better than other 1 HP well pumps on the market. The stainless-steel motor shaft helps to prevent corrosion while the sealed ball bearings ensure a high level of performance. You also get an included diffusers, and an intake screen.
9. Hallmark Industries MA0419X-12A
The Hallmark Industries MA0419X-12A is a 2 hp submersible pump that comes with a UL approved motor. This well pump is protected from overheating and running on too much energy by the hermetically sealed motor. It is an industrial-grade machine that features a premium seal which is great for domestic use.
With a stainless-steel motor shaft, this awesome product is corrosion-resistant. It has a 12-stage design and is comparable to other 2 hp or 3hp pumps, but doesn’t use as much energy. You also get sealed ball bearings, an intake screen, and diffusers. This pump includes a built-in control box, so it does not require an external control box.
A well-rounded unit compared to other 2 hp submersible pumps.
10. Hallmark Industries MA0343X-4A
Made of cast iron and stainless steel, this pump is pretty durable and uses a built-in control box, so it doesn’t require an external control box. You also get reliable performance and a longer lifespan with the patented impeller. You get free technical support for the installation process as well as a tape kit and installation manual.
A 10-foot long electric cord is also included. This particular Hallmark model pumps better than expected.
What is a Submersible Well Pump?
Well pumps use centrifugal force to push water to the surface instead of sucking water out of the ground like a typical pump. Cylindrically shaped, a submersible water pump typically runs between three to five inches in diameters and are between two and four feet long. The motor is airtight-sealed stopping water from short-circuiting the unit, and a waterproof electrical cable that will run power from the above down to the submersible pump.
The impellers in the unit start to rotate once the pressure switch is turned on. This causes the pump to suck water into the body of the pump and then push the water into a pressure tank. When you turn off the pressure switch, the electrical current will stop flowing to the well pump, and it will shut off.
Considerations When Choosing Your Perfect Submersible Well Pump
There are a few factors you need to consider properly for selecting the submersible pumps. It’s difficult to find an optimal product. Questions like what it pumps and how much it pumps are the tip of the iceberg. Don’t let the pressure get to you; we’ll make things lucid for your understanding, let's dig around.
Submersible Well Pumps for Clean Water
Usually, submersible well pumps are made for only clean water use. Typically, these pumps will move water from a rainwater barrel or well pressure tank to a hose or container that you can use to water your yard or garden. If you try to use your pumps for all sorts of water needs, you’ll soon find your pump damaged.
When selecting a deep well submersible pump, check to see if it is made for dirty or clean water use. You don’t want to end up pumping water that has dirt and debris in it and it isn’t designed to run with dirt and silt. This can jam up the pump and possibly break it depending on how much debris is in the water. Always check whether your pump suits everything you are looking for and your water needs before buying it.
Submersible Well Pumps for Dirty Water
Purchasing the submersible well pumps that are designed for use with dirty water, you won’t have any problems pumping any types of water. These are really sturdy pumps that will not clog when pumping water with dirt or mud in it due to their high pressure. It’s also a great pump for flooding or to use when cleaning out sewage or a septic system. However, don't forget to check the pump’s maximum grain size so you know how large the debris can be that passes through the submersible pump.
These pumps have rock-solid construction and last for a very long time. They’ll have your back regardless of the water being dirty or clean.
Maximum Discharge Head
The purpose of the submersible well pumps is to transport water from a lower area to a higher one. Keep in mind that the height of the pump handle can be limited and vary from pump to pump. To figure out what the difference is, look at the discharge head on the submersible pump. If you are only moving water from one container to another, it will only need a minimal level. But, if you are moving water from a deep well into your basement, you will need a much higher discharge head.
This is the measurement of the amount of water the pump can provide either per minute or per hour. The discharge rate is how you determine the pump’s power level which is measured in gallons per minute (GPM). Depending on what you plan to use the pump for, this is an important piece of information, plus it tells you how far down you will want to submerge it.
A pump in a deep well that pumps water for your own use will only need a discharge rate of 20 to 30 gallons per minute. You will find this is more than enough water to keep well supplied.
But, if you have a flooded basement and you want to pump the water into a pressure tank, you will need the submersible pumps with a discharge rate of around 2000 gallons per hour.
Another important consideration is if the pump has a float switch. If you are in a mountainous or dry area, typically the well will refill itself meaning that the spring that supplies the water in the well won’t decrease its water’s level. But, if you think the water level in a well will go down overnight or a few days, having a float switch will be handy since it will stop the pump from pumping when it does not have water around it. This can prevent damage that can be caused to the pump when it runs without water passing through it. Some models will even let you set the switch so that it will turn back on when the water level goes back up.
Submersible Pumps with a float switch are versatile due to their ability to assess the water level autonomously.
Most Popular submersible well pumps brands
Based in Chicago, Hallmark Industries is a big brand which has a great reputation featuring supplies of consumer and industrial pumps. It offers a wide range of products, including submersible pumps, custom motors, gear reducers, DC and AC motors, and well pumps. With a wide selection of highest quality products, Hallmark features household products that cater to the needs of the users and are highly rated in the US.
Providing a wide product choice, good customer service, and competitive pricing, This company features a wide range of pumps that are industrial grade. With its highly rated customer support, they have been able to stay a top manufacturer for many years. Its offline and online reputation is very positive and they are well known for the quality of their water pumps along with their wide selection. For now, they are the best in the business.
Another thing that makes it stand out is its comprehensive warranty and their experience. Giving customers the added assurance they have purchased a high quality pump, they are the leaders in bringing out innovative pumps. As a result, they stay on top of the market.
Doing business since 1935, Red Lion has made well pumps for many generations. It has stood the test of time and is a trusted manufacturer. With its ability to stay competitive, it has remained on top by embracing new technology and equipment. Coming with innovative submersible well pumps that keep them ahead of their competition, they transformed the pump industry offering a wide range of water pumps and accessories.
This company also offers outstanding service. With a good reputation offline and online, they are well-loved by their customers. Featuring so many options, it stands out in the industry with a wide range of submersible pumps which come in different models and sizes.
HappyBuy will seem a unknow brand to you as it is a merchant that sells through Amazon. There isn’t a lot of information on it, but it has a good Amazon rating and offers prime shipping. The online store offers a wide variety of products beyond submersible water pumps. Within a relatively short time, their water pumps have gained quite a reputation in a short time.
Benefits of The Submersible Well Pumps
- Durability – Due to the inaccessibility to the pump once it is installed, well pumps are designed to work without needing a lot of maintenance. The internal parts are safely kept which provides undisturbed and long-term performance. Typically, it will be submerged anywhere from 90 to 300 feet underground. Only the outside of the pump will touch the water, but if it is inspected and maintained periodically, it should last you up to 25 years.
- Priming – A regular above-ground pump typically needs to be primed to run correctly. This is a time-consuming process that can take many attempts before you activate it successfully. But, with the well pumps, you won’t need to prime it since it is already submerged in water. You also won’t have problems with cavitation when too much air and gas gets inside the pump.
- Efficiency – Resting inside a tightly constructed housing, the whole mechanism utilizes an effective method to push water up instead of sucking it up from the top of the well. Using fast-spinning impellers, centrifugal force is used to drive the water up. This effective use of physics allows the deep well pumps to have a light mechanical workload in comparison to the lifting motion that a jet pump uses, which makes them less prone to breaking down.
- Depth Range – A shallow well pump is typically used for shallow depths that are less than 25 feet. The deep submersible well pumps can be used for really deep wells that go down between 90 and 300 feet or even more.
- Noise - Above ground pumps can be unattractive and loud, particularly if they are larger and have a bigger GPM. All of the well pumps work underground and usually can’t be heard or seen.
How to Prime a Submersible Well Pump?
When priming a submersible well pump, you first want to remove the plastic or rubber prime plug from the top of the well pump. After running water through the hose, allow the water to run into the pump casing until it overflows. You then want to remove the hose and insert the prime plug back into the top of the well pump.
Run the pump until you no longer see air bubbles coming from under the plug. Now, remove the plug and fill up the casing with water again, and then partially plug up the hole while running the pump until you no longer see bubbles again. Keep repeating this process until you see water leaking out of the well pump and no air bubbles. You can then completely insert the prime plug back into the well pump.
How to Replace a Submersible Well Pump?
- Your first step in replacing a deep well submersible pump is to choose a replacement for your existing pump. Always don't forget to read reviews and do some research before you make your final selection. After you get your new submersible water well pump home, start to put it together. Do not use plastic parts and keep in mind that putting together the wrong two metals can lead to bad reactions, especially in moist environments.
- Then, you want to make sure the current pump is turned off. You will need to run water for a little while to make sure that the water pressure has been relieved and then raise the well pump using a T bar that is screwed into the pitless adapter.
- Have one person pull up the T tool while someone else pulls the cable. After removing the pitless adapter from the pipe, you can then remove the T tool. At this point, you can pull the pipe up and collect the pump. Remember that it doesn’t hurt to clean it off and check out the removed pump since you never know when it will have parts that you can reuse later.
- Next, you want to remove any tape allowing you to see the electrical wiring and safety rope. If you can, salvage the hose clamps that remain and cut the water tube. Use a pair of ratcheting pipe cutters and be prepared for a lot of muck to come out.
- Cut the wires to the old pump and then inspect the pitless connector. If it looks ok, you can reuse it. Strip off the wire that is coming from the house and crimp the connectors with pliers. Place the heat-shrink material over the connection you just made and then heat it using a butane torch or heat gun. Finally, wrap it all with electrical tape, so it looks similar to the way the other one did when you pulled it out.
- Next, prepare the new pump for installation. Tie on the safety rope to the pump through the convenient loop that is built-in. Place the torque arrestor on before securing the wiring and safety wrong with some electrical tape.
- Next, you want to make sure the pump is working properly by placing it in a large bucket of water that should cover the pump up to the impeller. If you see the pump sucking water at a fast rate, it is ready to be placed down the hole. Slowly lower the pump into the well casing using the rope.
- With a flashlight, line up the pitless connector sliding it into place and seat if completely by hitting it a few times with a hammer. Next, you need to adjust the pump switch to your preferred water pressure, if the model is adjustable.
- One last step is sanitizing the well. Pour some bleach down the well cap to kill off any bacteria you may have introduced during the process. Next, run a hose down to circulate the bleach and run it for about an hour to mix all the water. Do not use the water in the house during this process.
- Once you are finished, turn on all the taps in your home one after another, do this with both cold and hot water. Once you smell bleach, turn them off. Now, you let the pipes sit for 12 hours without disturbing the water allowing the bleach to kill off anything that is living inside the pipes.
How to Pull A Submersible Well Pump?
Usually, you want a professional to pull up a submersible pump that is at a pretty deep depth. However, you can pull up a submersible pump from a pretty shallow well around 100 feet down.
First, you want to clear the area and shut off the pump’s breaker. Make sure there aren’t any obstacles around the well casing. Wear safety glass and nonslip gloves as you work.
Remove the nuts from to the top with a ratchet and a 3/4-inch. Take a screwdriver and insert it in between the casing and the well cap before prying off the cap. Insert the T toll into the well and thread the end of it into the pipe threads. This area is called the adapter that needs to be separated from the 90-degree pipe that allows well water to run into the house.
Tap the T-handle with the help of a hammer to separate the adapter and the pipe. Pull up on the T handle taking it out of the casing and bringing up the pipe and adapter. At this point, tie a 1/4-inch safety rope to the water pipe under the adapter.
At this point, pull up on the water pipe with a helper to pull the slack pipe away as you pull it up and out of the casing. If you have used a galvanized pipe to suspend the submersible well pump, it will need to be lifted out with a truck or derrick that has a crane. Every 20 feet of section needs support before being unscrewed and removed one piece at a time. Due to the equipment, weight, and difficulty along with the possibility of getting shocked, injured, or damaging the submersible well pump, it is recommended to hire a professional.
How to Remove A Submersible Well Pump?
When considering the well pumps that can work in a 100 foot well, you are looking at an average weight of 120 pounds or even more. With a deeper well system, you can look at the well pumps that weighs over 300 pounds. You need to lift the entire system continuously to keep it from dropping back down into the well. If you know that the system is too heavy, you will want to get a truck or winch with a crane to lift it.
You will need a specialized tool called a T-handle pitless adapter. This removing tool fits into the adapter area that is the area where the pipe turns 90 degrees to provide water into the house. Typically, you will find it between 24" and 48" under the well’s surface. Basically, the T-handle tool is a pipe with a handle that can even be made yourself. Stick the tool down the well and thread it into the pitless connector. Then pull.
Pull up the assembly while making sure there is someone to hold the safety rope. Do not get any kinks in your water line. Use your helper to walk the water well pump away from the well as it comes out.
Once the entire water well pump is out of the well, you can start to look for parts that you can use in another pump. Things like clamps and the torque arrestor can be saved if they are in pretty good shape. Next, remove all the tape that is on the submersible water well pump to expose the wires and safety rope.
After salvaging any extra parts, cut the water tube. This can often help you figure out why your pump stopped working. Often there is a lot of muck that can restrict the water flow into your home. It can also contain harmful bacteria that can also restrict the water well pump if they aren’t taken care of. Finally, make sure to cut the wires and your well pump has been successfully removed.
When it comes to find the well pumps, the term “best” depends on where you live. If you live somewhere close to the mountains or a dry region, getting down deep to where clean drinking water is can be a challenge. With our recommended best submersible well pumps, you can go down as far as 400 ft to reach the nearest well water supply with no time whatsoever. And, if you use well preparation and the right maintenance, you should have a working submersible pump for a few decades, at least without having to look back.
All the products on our list are thoroughly researched. You don’t have to bang yourself while making a decision because these products offer top-tier performance. Still can't decide which one to choose, please go with the Hallmark Industries MA0414X-7 is its clearly the champion from every aspect.