Water can be very deep in areas that are mountainous or dry. Getting to that deep water can be difficult, especially if you need clean drinking water. Surface pumps only can go down about 25 feet, but a submersible well water pump allows you to go down as far as 400 feet deep. With an effective pump system, you can access usable water from a nearby well water supply. Here are a few tips and reviews to help you find the best submersible well pump for your home.
What is a Submersible Well Pump?
A submersible well pump uses centrifugal force to push water to the surface instead of sucking water out of the ground like a typical pump. Cylindrically shaped, a submersible well pump typically runs between three to five inches in diameters and are between two and four feet long. The motor is airtight-sealed stopping water from short-circuiting the unit, and a waterproof electrical cable that will run power from the above down to the pump.
The impellers in the unit start to rotate once the pressure switch is turned on. This causes the pump to suck water into the body of the pump and then push the water up through the well casing into a water tank. When you turn off the pressure switch, the electrical current will stop flowing to the well pump, and it will shut off.
Best Submersible Well Pump Reviews
Hallmark Industries MA0414X-7A
This deep well submersible pump fits into five-inch or larger well casings. The Hallmark Industries MA0414X-7A features one horsepower that has a built-in capacitor start as well as a thermal protection switch. The built-in starter does not need an external control box, and it comes with two wires for the pump and one ground wire.
Made of stainless steel and heavy-duty cast iron, this is a 220 volts pump that will not work for 110 volts. The Hallmark Industries MA0414X-7A uses a UL approved motor that is a high efficiency and hermetically sealed making it thermally protected to stop overheating while also using less energy. Featuring 5.1 amps, this pump uses a unique design that lessens noise, and its submersible design makes it quiet when it operates.
It uses a patented impeller that gives you a high flow rate that is better than other one horsepower well pumps on the market. The stainless-steel motor shaft helps to prevent corrosion while the sealed ball bearings ensure a high level of performance. You also get an included built-in check valve, and heavy-duty diffusers, thermoplastic impellers, and an intake screen.
Hallmark Industries MA0343X-4
The ½ horsepower Hallmark Industries MA0343X-4 is a deep well submersible pump featuring 110 volts. It fits into five-inch or large well casings, and it comes with a built-in starter box, so it doesn’t need an external control box. The hermetically sealed motor is highly efficient using less energy, plus it is thermally protected to stop overheating.
Using a UL approved motor, the Hallmark Industries MA0343X-4 features a built-in check valve and capacitor start along with a thermal protection switch. It comes with two wires and a ground wire along with a patented impeller giving you high performance and longer pump life than other pumps on the market. Using heavy-duty industrial-grade material, this submersible pump is also good for use at home.
With its submersible design, you get quiet operation and no need for priming. The Hallmark Industries MA0343X-4 has a max head of 150 feet from the pump into an open tank. It also comes with heavy-duty impellers, an intake screen, and diffusers along with a wiring kit, 10-foot electric cord, and an installation manual.
Red Lion 14942405
Perfect for providing fresh water to cabins, farms, and rural homes, the Red Lion 14942405 works in drilled wells that have a four-inch or greater diameter. With the ability to work in a well up to a 250-foot depth, and it includes a built-in suction screen, 12 GPM, and a built-in check valve. And, it is powered by a three-wire Franklin electric motor.With a hex rubber bearing, the large surface area of the pump guarantees a stable shaft and several flow channels that will keep out small particles from the surfaces of the bearing. The built-in check valve stops backflow and guarantees good system pressure. And, the built-in suction screen along with the thermoplastic discharge head helps to stop debris from clogging up the impellers.
The proven performance of the Red Lion 14942405 displays good quality and guarantees quiet operation. It is also a versatile water pump giving you full-flow performance without the worry of corrosion
Red Lion RL22G10-3W2V
The four-inch Red Lion RL22G10-3W2V is perfect to use in wells with a four-inch or larger diameter. It comes with a built-in check valve that stops backflow and guarantees good system pressure. Plus, the built-in screen and thermoplastic discharge head stop debris from clogging the impellers.With the ability to go down a well up to 100 feet, this water pump is powered by a three-wire Franklin electric motor.
The extra-large surface on the hex rubber bearing guarantees shaft stability along with multiple flow channels that keep out small pieces of sand and debris from the surface of the bearing. It is available in either a 12 GPM or 22 GPM models.
Red Lion 14942402
Perfect for wells with a four-inch diameter or larger, the Red Lion 14942402 works on wells with a depth of up to 250 feet. It can supply fresh water to cabins, farms, and rural homes.Equipped with a built-in check valve, a built-in suction screen, and 12 GPM, the Red Lion 14942402 uses an industry-standard two or three-wire motor. It also comes with a stainless-steel pump shell, a motor bracket, thermoplastic discharge, and a control box with three-wire pumps.
You can purchase the Red Lion 14942402 in either a 12 or 22 GPM model.
Hallmark Industries MA0431X-18A-E
This is a three horsepower Hallmark Industries MA0431X-18A-E that comes with a control box and stainless-steel housing. This is a heavy-duty, industrial-grade submersible pump that is also great for use at home. It comes with a built-in capacitor start and a heavy-duty cast iron discharge.The Hallmark Industries MA0431x-18A-E fits in five-inch or large well casing diameters and has a max head of 625 feet to an open tank. With the patented impeller design, you get a heavy flow under high-pressure circumstances and an extended pump life. It is also equipped with a thermal protection switch that gives you a powerful start and a longer lifespan.
Assembly is required with this pump that arrives with three wires, a ground wire, a 10-foot-long electric cord, installation tape, and electrical tape kits. The hermetically sealed motor is highly efficient and thermally protected to stop overheating while also using less energy. With its submersible design, you have almost no noise or the need for priming.
Happybuy Submersible Pump
The Happybuy Submersible Pump comes with 1.5 horsepower giving you a consistent flow rate up to 260 feet under the surface. It includes 304-grade stainless steel housing along with outlets and is made of cast iron. This well-built well pump can be used for either commercial or domestic applications.You only need a borehole of 100mm for this water pump to reach the water. The Happybuy Submersible Pump has a 40 GPM maximum flow and 12 impellers to give you remarkable and stable performance. It works down to a water depth of 330 feet and has a small footprint along with easy maintenance, use, and installation.
The built-in check valve is made of stainless steel to provide corrosion resistance while the inlet screens, diffusers, and thermoplastic impellers protect the pump from overheating and help provide low energy use. You can vertically mount the well pump if necessary.With no special requirements for water or well pipes, this versatile pump can be used in pretty much any type of well. You can use it on steel pipes, ash pipes, or soil wells along with plastic or hose pipes. It also works to extract water from canals, reservoirs, and rivers as well as deep wells for groundwater.
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Hallmark Industries MA0414X-7
The Hallmark Industries MA0414X-7 is a one horsepower, 100-volt water pump made of heavy-duty cast iron and stainless steel. It fits in a five-inch or larger well casing and has a patented impeller that gives you high flow up to 33 GPM. This industrial grade product is perfect for home use and has a maximum head of 207 feet that is more than most other one horsepower water pumps on the market.Using a UL approved motor, this 110-volt pump requires two wires and a ground wire. Equipped with a built-in check valve and a one horsepower capacitor start, it also comes with a thermal protection switch and a hermetically sealed motor that will prevent overheating and using too much energy. The UL approved motor comes with a corrosion-resistant motor shaft that provides a long lifespan to your well pump.
With a built-in control box, you do not need an external control box. The Hallmark Industries MA0414X-7 includes an intake screen, diffusers, and thermoplastic impellers that provide a high flow up to 33 GPM. With a unique design, this submersible well pump reduces noise for quiet operation.
This water pump comes with sealed ball bearings that ensure high-quality performance. It also comes with a manual and installation tape.
Hallmark Industries MA0419X-12A
With a built-in starter box, the Hallmark Industries MA0419X-12A does need an external control box. Using a UL approved motor, this well pump is protected from overheating and using too much energy by the hermetically sealed motor. It also features a premium seal and a unique impeller with a floating design.This is a two-wire pump that comes with a ground wire and a built-in capacitor start along with a thermal protection switch. The two horsepower well pump also has a built-in check valve and fits into five-inch or large well casings. The Hallmark Industries MA0419X-12A is also an industrial-grade product that you can use at your home.
With a stainless-steel motor shaft, the Hallmark Industries MA0419X-12A is corrosion-resistant. It has a 12-stage design and is comparable to three horsepower pumps, but doesn’t use as much energy. You also get sealed ball bearings and thermoplastic impellers, an intake screen, and diffusers. This water pump has a maximum head of 400 feet for open water tanks and includes a built-in control box, so it does not need an external control box.
Hallmark Industries MA0343X-4A
Made of heavy-duty cast iron and stainless steel, the Hallmark Industries MA0343X-4A fits five-inch or large well casings. It comes with a built-in starter box and does not need external controls. It comes with a UL approved motor that her hermetically sealed and highly efficient, so it won’t overheat or use too much energy.Using ½ horsepower, the Hallmark industries MA0343X-4A has a maximum head of 150 feet and uses two wires and a ground wire. It also includes a built-in check valve, a thermal protection switch, and a built-in capacitor start. You also get high performance and a longer lifespan with the patented impeller.
This industrial grade product is perfect for home use. You get free technical support for the installation process as well as a tape kit and installation manual. This two-wire pump also comes with a 10-foot long electric cord and a ground wire.
Considerations When Choosing a Submersible Well Pump
There are a few factors you need to check before buying a submersible well pump. Let's dig around.
Submersible Well Pumps for Clean Water
Usually, well pumps are made for only clean water use. Typically, these pumps will move water from a rainwater barrel or well pressure tank well pressure tank to a hose or container that you can use to water your yard or garden.
When choosing a submersible pump, check to see if it is made for dirty or clean water use. You don’t want to end up pumping water that has dirt and debris in it and it isn’t designed to run with dirt and silt. This can jam up the pump and possibly break it depending on how much debris is in the water. Always make sure your pump suits your needs before buying it.
Submersible Well Pumps for Dirty Water
If you purchase a submersible well pump that is designed for use with dirty water, you won’t have any problems pumping any type of water. These are really sturdy pumps that will not clog when pumping water with dirt or mud in it. It’s also a good pump for flooding or to use when cleaning out sewage or a septic system. However, make sure to check the pump’s maximum grain size so you know how large the debris can be that passes through the pump.
Maximum Discharge Head
The purpose of a submersible well pump is to transport water from a lower area to a higher one. Keep in mind that the height of the pump handle can be limited and vary from pump to pump. To figure out what the difference is, look at the discharge head on the pump. If you are only moving water from one container to another, the discharge head will only need a minimal level. But, if you are moving water from a deep well into your basement, you will need a much higher discharge head. Basically, a good way to think about it is that you will need a high discharge head on a pump that will be placed in a very deep well.
This is the measurement of how much water the pump can provide either per minute or per hour. The discharge rate is how you determine the pump’s power level. Depending on what you plan to use the pump for, this is an important piece of information, plus it tells you how far down you will want to submerge it.
A pump in a deep well that is pumping water for your own use will only need a discharge rate of 20 to 30 gallons per minute. You will find this is more than enough water to keep well supplied.
But, if you have a flooded basement and you want to pump the water into a tank, you will need a pump that has a discharge rate of around 2000 gallons per hour.
Another important consideration is if the pump has a float switch. If you are in a mountainous or dry area, typically the well will refill itself meaning that the spring that supplies the water in the well won’t decrease its water’s level. But, if you think the water level in a well will go down overnight or a few days, having a float switch will be handy since it will stop the pump from pump when it does not have water around it. This can prevent damage that can be caused to the pump when it runs without water passing through it. Some models will even let you set the switch so that it will turn back on what the water level goes back up.
The right submersible pump can be a vital part of your life depending on where you live. If you live somewhere like the mountains or a dry region, getting down deep to where clean drinking water is can be a challenge. By using an effective submersible well pump, you can go down as far as 400 feet to reach the nearest well water supply. And, if you use good preparation and the right maintenance, you should be able to use your submersible pump for a few decades at least.